There is a word called "balance." Under normal circumstances, the human body has a sophisticated mechanism
to maintain the sugar concentration in the blood in a normal range.
When this mechanism fails and the blood sugar cannot be balanced in the normal range, the blood sugar concentration may increase.
When the blood sugar is too high, it inhibits the function of insulin secretion by islet β cells, which produces high glucose toxicity, that is diabetes.
If each organ is immersed in a high-glucose environment for a long time, it will lead to lesions, that is complications of diabetes.
Blood glucose standard value
Fasting blood glucose 4.4-7.0mmol/L
Non-fasting blood glucose 10.0mmol/L
Glycated hemoglobin <7.0%
Where does chronic hyperglycemia cause damage to the body?
The toxicity of sugar on the body is multi-faceted and multi-organ, especially long-term chronic hyperglycemia
can cause damage to many organs such as cardiovascular and cerebrovascular, skin, eyes, stomach, kidney, foot and nerve.
A variety of complications have occurred.
Studies have shown that cardiovascular deaths and strokes in diabetic patients are 2-4 times higher than those in non-diabetic patients.
In global type 1 and type 2 diabetes patients, 8 out of every 10 people die from cardiovascular events;Diabetic retinopathy is also more common.
Diabetes complications due to poor long-term control of blood glucose
Generally, with the long-term poor control of blood sugar, various complications will gradually occur due to the toxic effects of hyperglycemia in about 10 years.
Such as cardiovascular and cerebrovascular complications, microvascular complications such as eye and kidney complications, and patients with neuropathy and diabetic foot, etc., severe cases can lead to amputation.
How to solve the sugar toxicity and reach the hypoglycemic standard as soon as possible
Studies have shown that lowering high blood sugar as early as possible and making blood sugar reach the standard can prevent or slow down the occurrence and development of complications to the utmost extent.
The DCCT study is an internationally renowned diabetes study, and the findings found that:
after the early stage of diabetes, the blood sugar is treated as close to normal as possible by intensive hypoglycemic therapy.
Compared with people who are routinely treated based on whether they have diabetes symptoms,
After 10 years, the patient's eye lesions can be reduced by 76%, and neuropathy and kidney lesions can be reduced by 60% and 54%, respectively.
This suggests that the earlier the hypoglycemic treatment, the greater the benefit. Therefore, please bear in mind that early meeting the standard will benefit early.