The love for "sweet" can be traced back to ancient times. This taste means that the fruit is ripe.
The sugar that brings sweetness can be rapidly transformed into energy. It supplements the physical power needed for hunting and labor.
A hundred years ago, sugar was also an important strategic substance.Even more than 30 years ago, in the rural areas of China, visiting the elderly, patients and maternity women, a pound of white sugar is the most regular “nutrition product”.
The development of agricultural production and industrial processing technology has made sugar extremely cheap and accessible.
At the same time, the health hazards of excessive sugar consumption have gradually emerged.
Especially for people with type 2 diabetes, sugar is no different from poison.
There are many types of sugar. Although they are sweet, they are not the same.
For example, glucose can cause trouble for people with diabetes and raise blood sugar levels.
Natural and traditional sugars, such as white sugar, brown sugar, rock sugar, honey, and so on, all contribute to the diabetes's natural enemies because of its glucose.
So fructose suddenly rises. It does not increase blood sugar and is even sweeter than sucrose.
It was once considered a "healthy sugar." However, people soon discovered that it is different from glucose "doing evil way."
Glucose can raise blood sugar, but also stimulate the brain to produce a satiety signal, so that people get satisfied to stop eating, fructose is not such a regulatory mechanism, it will only make people feel very sweet, "The more you eat, the more you want to eat."
Even worse, scientists have found through further research that although fructose does not increase blood sugar, it also has its own metabolic pathways. It is more easily converted to triglycerides than glucose and eventually produces more fat, which accumulates in the gut.
In addition, excessive intake of fructose can also lead to an increase in insulin resistance, which means that the sensitivity of insulin to blood glucose changes is reduced, If it is serious, it will lead to diabetes.
The problem of sugar does not stop there. With the increasing incidence of various chronic diseases, the medical community has proposed the concept of "metabolic syndrome."
It includes various metabolic-related symptoms such as obesity, high blood sugar, high blood pressure, dyslipidemia, fatty liver, and cancer.
Epidemiological investigations and metabolic mechanism studies have shown that large intakes of sugar are closely related to metabolic syndrome.
Sugar substitutes, or sweeteners, are substances that produce only sweet taste without producing heat.
They are substances that are low in calories and can be ignored when we get the sweetness we need.
The emergence of sugar substitutes to avoid the heat of sugar, raise blood sugar and metabolic syndrome and other issues, was once seen as a gospel of health.
Saccharin is the first sugar substitute that humans invented. In the United States, "is saccharin safe?", After a century of turbulent cycles, it was not until 1980 that it was legally regained freedom.The second generation of sugar substitutes-sodium cyclamate, went through the cycle of "approved, banned, appealed, and acquitted",there was no chance of re-listing in the United States.
The sugar substitutes that have been approved for listing have undergone a traditional safety assessment.
However, the “safety assessment” simply passes them through tests that people think “may harm health”.
And the development of science may find health problems that have not been thought of before.
Before further research, the answer "yes" or "no" is frivolous.If you don’t eat sugar substitutes, you’re not eating sweets.
Eating sugar or eating sugar substitutes is still a tangle.